Here at Richard Hung Jewellers, we believe that there is a piece
of jewellery for everyone, no matter the occasion or budget. Be
it a gift for someone special, an engagement ring, jewellery to
make a statement, or even to invest, our friendly staff will be
happy to guide you through the process, ensuring that you make
the best decision for your circumstance.
Diamond carat weight is the measurement of how much a diamond
weighs. A metric "carat" is defined as 200 milligrams. All else
being equal, diamond price increases with diamond carat weight,
because larger diamonds are rare and desirable. But two diamonds
of equal carat weight can have very different values (and prices)
depending on three other factors of the diamond 4Cs: Clarity,
Colour and Cut.
It's important to remember that a diamond's value is determined
using all of the 4Cs, not just carat weight.
Although colour is undeniably a big factor in value, all diamonds,
even those of lower colours and clarities with reasonably good
cut, are valuable. Diamonds in colours K, L, and M and clarity
SI are diamonds nonetheless and their value is determined by their
quality. So, why bother, if differences between colour grades
are so difficult to see?
Partly, the answer lies in the practice of long standing. Diamond
experts have always placed a high value on colourless diamonds,
and this view has affected the minds of consumers. Another reason
is that experts can recognize the subtle difference. And even
if consumers cannot; there are those who insist on the rarest
and most extraordinary diamonds money can buy.
One cannot colour-grade mounted diamonds as accurately as loose
diamonds because the colour of the metal influences the appearances
of the diamond. The smaller the diamond, the more difficult it
is to judge. Two mounted diamonds less than a quarter of a carat,
differing by two or three colour grades, can look very much the
same in colour, even side by side.
Colourless and near-colourless diamonds are often set in white
metal prongs, even when the ring itself is yellow gold. This is
because diamonds "draw" the colour of the metal and even high-grade
stones will look yellowish. Platinum and rhodium-plated white
gold are considered best for mounting colourless or near-colourless
diamonds. Diamonds that face up light yellow or brownish present
a different problem. They are usually not mounted in platinum
or white gold, which make these colours stand out more. Such stones
are usually mounted in yellow gold, as that will make them appear
whiter or lighter.
Cut refers to the proportions and overall appearance of a diamond.
A good cutter has to understand the principle path of light and
how to control it through angles and proportions to bring about
the best qualities in each diamond, maximising light return and
achieving balance between brilliance and fire. Only when the angles
are correct will the diamond reflect light to its best ability,
ensuring maximum brilliance, fire and sparkle. It is analyzed
and graded on how well a diamond's proportions and angles interact
to return white and coloured light to the observer.
If all else is equal, an Excellent cut grade guarantees an extremely
appealing diamond. Diamonds in the Very Good and even Good cut
grades are also attractive. They only differ by comparison to
the very best stones.
Natural diamonds are the result of carbon exposed to tremendous
heat and pressure deep in the earth. This process can result in
a variety of internal characteristics called 'inclusions' and
external characteristics called 'blemishes.'
Evaluating diamond clarity involves determining the number, size,
relief, nature, and position of these characteristics, as well
as how these affect the overall appearance and therefore, the
value of the diamond.
Many inclusions and blemishes are too tiny to be seen by anyone
other than a trained diamond grader. To the naked eye, a VS and
an SI diamond may look similar, but these diamonds are quite different
in terms of overall quality. This is why expert and accurate assessment
of diamond clarity is extremely important.
HPHT (High Pressure/High Temperature) Diamonds and CVC (Chemical
Vapour Deposition) Diamonds are laboratory-created. Synthetic
Moissanite is the latest laboratory created diamond simulant that
will fool a thermal diamond tester by giving a false positive
reading. For peace of mind, customers should always go to a trusted
jeweller with the skills to assess a diamond accurately.
Generally, people who are not familiar with gemstones, identify
them based on their colour (ie. blue - sapphire, red - ruby etc).
This is a misconception as sapphires come in a variety of colours
and not all red gems are rubies! To complicate matters, natural
gemstones are frequently altered to improve their appearance and
A large proportion of gemstones sold today have been treated in
one way or another, with untreated gems being the exception rather
than the rule. Treatments are performed to improve the colour
or clarity of a gem. Examples of treatments are heating, irradiation,
use of nuclear bombardment, application of coloured or colourless
oil or epoxy-like resins, wax, plastic, glass, surface diffusion,
coating, impregnation or dyeing.
The list of popular gems routinely treated includes amethyst,
aquamarine, citrine, jade, lapis lazuli, opal, pearl, ruby, sapphire,
tanzanite, tiger's-eye, topaz turquoise, chalcedony and zircon.
Some of the treatments used have been around for a long time and
have either been recognized by the gemstone industry or have been
readily identifiable. However, some of the newer forms of modification
are very sophisticated and are much more difficult to detect by
anyone other than trained gemologists
While treated gemstones are widely available in the market, a
premium is usually charged for a fine-quality untreated gemstone
that comes with a lab report stating that there is no evidence
Besides treated natural gemstones, there are also man-made gemstones
(synthetics) in the market. These are created in a laboratory.
Synthetics do not have the rarity of naturally coloured gemstones,
and are generally inexpensive. Unlike imitations that look like
natural stones in appearance only (e.g. glass, plastic, or less
costly substances), synthetics gemstones have the same chemical,
optical and physical properties as natural gemstones.
We strongly believe it is our customer's right to know if they
are buying a treated gemstone in order to make an informed choice
for their purchase. Click here for our Policy
of Treatment Disclosure.
Almost all pearls sold today are known as cultured pearls. It
is naturally formed by surgically implanting a mother of pearl
nucleus together with a small mantle tissue into the oyster. The
quality of a pearl is graded according to its size, shape, coating
(nacre) thickness, surface condition and luster.
As a cultured pearl is formed in the natural environment of the
sea, a perfect pearl is very rare. A better pearl should have
slight to very slight imperfections or blemishes. Producers use
various methods of treatments to enhance their beauty. Some treatments
are relatively benign while others may lead to pearls that deteriorate
with normal wear. Understanding treatments is therefore critical
to buying pearls that will last.
Akoya cultured pearls, which have been the traditional, cultured
pearls for almost a century, usually range from 2mm-9mm in diameter.
Common sizes are 6mm-8mm. The colour of Akoya pearls is commonly
enhanced to white, silver, pink and champagne. To achieve the
more popular colours, these pearls, which are mainly cream, yellow
and green in their natural colour state, undergo a process during
which impurities are bleached out. In fact, with the exception
of most South Sea Pearls, the majority of the white pearls on
the market are bleached.
South Sea Pearls are larger pearls that range from 9mm-18mm in
diameter. They are classified into 3 groups: the White, the Dark
(commonly called Black) and the Gold. South Sea Pearls are sometimes
treated, depending on their producers. For example, high quality
pearls from Australia are seldom treated.
Pearls, whether cultured or natural are organic substances which
consist mainly of calcium carbonate and must be treated with the
utmost care. They are most sensitive to acids, perspiration, cosmetics
and hair spray. If treated thoughtfully, like wiping them with
a soft cloth after use and keeping them away from other jewels,
you can be assured that your pearls will maintain their beauty